Turkey’s footwear industry has developed at a rapid pace due to modern manufacturing processes, the availability of major quality raw materials, skilled workers and high design capacity. Today the Turkish footwear industry has a strong position among exporters of high quality fashion goods. Another sign of positive development is the increase in foreign investments in the sector.
It is obvious that the footwear industry is extremely dependent on the leather industry of Turkey. The Turkish leather industry, which has a history of 500 years, is becoming a leading center in the world leather industry. The Turkish leather industry, which occupies a prominent place in the Turkish economy, continues to develop day by day by combining new technology and its historical background.
Although the initial efforts to modernize the leather industry began in the 70s, significant progress at a real industrial scale began in the mid-80s. The sector produces according to international standards and is becoming more sensitive to health and the environment – about 90% of the production is based on health and environmental standards. Leather is one of Turkey’s leading export sectors. The export figure of the leather sector (including footwear) for 2018 was about US$ 1.6 billion.
The shoe industry, which began to appear as a small-size industry in 1950, is a well-developed industry now. Especially in the 1980s, significant investments in machinery parks were made and now, over 15% of the sector has completed its industrialization process. About 70% of the production in the sector is carried out by semi-mechanized production processes and almost 15% of production is hand-made.
According to Social Security Institution Statistics there are 6.544 workplaces producing leather and leather related products and 65.257 insured persons in 2019. Turkey’s shoe production reached more than 392 million pairs1, including sneakers, boots, plastic shoes and slippers. Almost 50% of the total number of companies is active in Istanbul. Konya, Gaziantep, İzmir, Ankara, Manisa, Hatay are other important shoe production centers in Turkey.
The footwear sector relies on Turkish-made shoe production machinery, as well as shoe parts. The share of the shoe parts industry in the total shoe industry production is around 5% and production is quite diversified. The soles, heels, casting molds and the welt of the shoes are exported. The shoe parts industry is located in the Aegean region, particularly in İzmir and in other parts of Turkey such as Konya, Gaziantep and Istanbul. The military boots, work and safety shoes production in Turkey have developed significantly in recent years. These sectors make production according to international standards, and shoes with the CE mark are exported to the European countries.
The footwear sector closely follows the latest trends in the fashion world. Turkish shoe companies prepare their own collections for every season according to fashion trends both in Turkey and the world. The industry is now concentrating its efforts on training and design. In this context, with the initiative of shoe industry, the Turkish Shoe Industry Research, Development and Education Foundation (TASEV) was established in 2001. In order to meet the need of qualified personal in shoe design, a new department of education, “The Shoe Design Department” has been opened at Mimar Sinan University in Istanbul, which offers two-year courses. Moreover, there are footwear design and production departments within seven universities (Ankara, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Konya Technical University, Istanbul Aydın University) to meet the sector’s qualified designer’s shortage. In addition to these, every year, various shoe design competitions are being organized in order to discover new talents in the field of design.
Today the Turkish footwear sector has the capacity of creating its own brands and fashion. The performance of the sector largely depends on exports. The Turkish shoe sector had an export value of US$ 932.4 million in the year 2019, with an increase of 5% compared to the previous year. The most important export market of Turkish footwear industry is Russia with a share of 11.3%. Other important markets are Iraq, Germany, Spain and Saudi Arabia.
Prepared by :
Directorate General of Exports
|| Source: Email/KSU